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Scientific Papers Session II: Dysphagia Therapeutics

 Thursday, March 7 ,2019

10:15-11:45 a.m.

 Moderators:

Anna Miles, PhD


 

Dysphagia Boot Camp-Evidence-Based Dysphagia Training

Laishyang Ouyoung

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an intensive exercise-based program for head and neck cancer patients referred to as “Dysphagia Boot Camp” (DBC) for treating dysphagia in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients and neurologically impaired patients. Our objectives were (1) to determine whether swallowing outcome was better for patients following DBC compared to patients who did not undergo DBC, (2) to determine whether early intervention with DBC led to better swallowing outcomes for patients than for late intervention with DBC.(3) The effectiveness of DBC for neurologically impaired patients.

 

Modifying Fluid Consistency to Prevent Aspiration in Dementia: A Systematic Review of the Evidence

Eadaoin Flynn

Modification to fluid consistency is a frequently used management strategy to prevent aspiration for people with dementia. The aims were to examine the effectiveness of thickened fluids in preventing aspiration in people with dementia and to evaluate the adverse effects associated with modification of fluids in this population.

 

EAT: A Structured Therapy Model to Facilitate Continued Oral Intake Through Head and Neck Radiotherapy - User Acceptance and Content Validation

Katherine Hutcheson

Observational studies suggest benefit of maintaining oral intake throughout head and neck radiotherapy (RT) to avoid disuse of swallowing muscles. While incorporated in many clinics as a general practice, literature provides little in the way of structured guidelines. The objective was to develop and examine user acceptance and content validity of a structured program to facilitate safe but challenging oral intake through the duration of RT – the “EAT (Eat All Through)" RT program.

 

Swallowing Against Laryngeal Restriction (SALR) Exercise Technique Significantly Increases the Duration of UES Opening in Both Healthy Elderly and Dysphagic Patients

Shaina Lynch

Determination and the effect of SALR exercise technique on duration of UES opening in healthy elderly volunteers and dysphagic patients is discussed during this presentation.

 

Dysphagia as an Independent Risk Factor for Burden Among Caregivers of Aging Parents

Samantha Shune

The healthcare system relies on informal caregivers. These caregivers can experience high levels of emotional, financial and physical difficulties, negatively impacting the health and wellbeing of the caregiver and the care recipient. Therefore, reducing sources of burden is a health priority. The presence of dysphagia in care recipients is one factor suggested to contribute to increased caregiver burden. The purpose of this study was to determine the type and extent of caregiver burden uniquely experienced by adult children caring for aging parents with dysphagia.

 

Enhancing Effectiveness of Active Tongue Strengthening Exercise using Mental Practice

Sarah Szynkiewicz

Mental practice (MP) using motor imagery is the mental rehearsal of physical movement without any body movement. A regimen of both active exercise and MP has been shown to increase performance in limb muscles. In these two studies, a feasibility study and a pilot study, we are the first to explore using MP to increase tongue strength in healthy, aging adults.

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